Q. Consider the following statements Inter-Governmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC):
1.It was established by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the World Meteorological Organization (WMO).
2.It is open to all member countries of the United Nations (UN) and WMO.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: C
Notes:

Explanation: The UN General Assembly adopted a resolution, in December 1988, on the subject and endorsed the UNEP/ WMO proposal for the setting up of the Inter-Governmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).

  • It was established by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) in 1988 to provide the governments of the world with a clear scientific view of what is happening to the world’s climate.
  • The Secretariat coordinates all the IPCC work and liaises with Governments. The secretariat is supported by WMO and UNEP and hosted at WMO headquarters in Geneva.
  • It is open to all member countries of the United Nations (UN) and WMO. Currently 195 countries are members of the IPCC.

Source: SHANKAR IAS Environment