Q. Consider the following statements regarding Alluvial Soils:
1.These soils are depositional soils.
2.These soils cover about 60% of the total area of the country.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: A

Explanation: Alluvial soils are widespread in the northern plains and the river valleys. This soil covers about 40 per cent of the total area of the country.

  • They are depositional soils, transported and deposited by rivers and streams.
  • Through a narrow corridor in Rajasthan, they extend into the plains of Gujarat.
  • In the Peninsular region, they are found in deltas of the east coast and in the river valleys.

Source: NCERT – Fundamental of Physical Geography