Q. Consider the following statements regarding Asian Elephants
1. More than 60% of the world’s elephant population is in India.
2. Asian elephants are listed as “Critically endangered” on the IUCN Red List of threatened species.
3. Elephant is the Natural Heritage Animal of India.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?

[A] 1 and 2 only

[B] 2 and 3 only

[C] 1 and 3 only

[D] 1, 2 and 3

Answer: C

On World Elephant Day, the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change has announced that population estimation of elephants and tigers will be done together in 2022. 

Elephant Census: 

  • The Elephant Census is conducted once in five years. 
  • Method: It largely relies on States directly counting the number of elephants. In recent years, techniques such as analysing dung samples have also been deployed to estimate birth rates and population trends in elephants. 
  • According to the last count in 2017, there were 29,964 elephants in India. 

Asian Elephants:  

  • IUCN Red List: Endangered  
  • CITES: Appendix I. 
  • Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972: Schedule I. 

Read more: Common survey to count elephants and tigers