Q. Consider the following statements regarding characteristics of “Tropical Evergreen Forests”:
1. They are located at more than 200cm rainfall.
2. There is a definite time for trees to shed their leaves in these forests.
3. The trees reach great heights up to 60 metres or even above.
Which of the following codes below given is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 1 and 2 only

[C] 1 and 3 only

[D] 1, 2 and 3

Answer: C
Notes:

 Tropical Evergreen forests are restricted to heavy rainfall areas of the Western Ghats and the island groups of Lakshadweep, Andaman and Nicobar, upper parts of Assam and Tamil Nadu coast.  

  • They are at their best in areas having more than 200 cm of rainfall with a short dry season. The trees reach great heights up to 60 metres or even above.  
  • Since the region is warm and wet throughout the year, it has a luxuriant vegetation of all kinds — trees, shrubs and creepers giving it a multilayered structure.  
  • There is no definite time for trees to shed their leaves. As such, these forests appear green all the year round. 

Source: NCERT XI – India Physical Environment