Q. Consider the following statements regarding Classical languages and Eighth Schedule of Indian Constitution
1. All the Classical Languages are listed in the Eighth Schedule of the Constitution.
2. Unlike classical languages, there are no fixed criteria or guidelines for any language to be considered for inclusion in the Eighth Schedule.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: C
Notes:

Both the statements are correct.  

Recently, the Union Minister of Education has informed in the Lok Sabha about the various steps taken by the government to promote the Languages in Eighth Schedule. 

About Eighth Schedule: 

  • It lists the official languages of the republic of India. Part XVII of the Indian constitution deals with the official languages in Articles 343 to 351. 
  • However, there are no fixed criteria for any language to be considered for inclusion in the Eighth Schedule. 
  • The Eighth Schedule to the Constitution consists of the following 22 languages 

About Classical languages: 

  • Currently there are six languages that enjoy the ‘Classical’ status in India.  
  • The Ministry of Culture provides the guidelines regarding Classical languages. These are,   
  • High antiquity of its early texts/recorded history over a period of 1500-2000 years; 
  • A body of ancient literature/texts, which is considered a valuable heritage by generations of speakers. 
  • The literary tradition is original and not borrowed from another speech community. 
  • The classical language and literature being distinct from modern, there may also be a discontinuity between the classical language and its later forms or its offshoots. 
  • All the Classical Languages are listed in the Eighth Schedule of the Constitution. 

Source: PIB