Q. Consider the following statements regarding “Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES)”:
1.It is an international agreement between governments entered into force in 1975.
2.It is administered through the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP).
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: C
Notes:

Explanation: In the early 1960s, international discussion began focusing on the rate at which the world’s wild animals and plants were being threatened by unregulated international trade.

  • The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) is an international agreement between governments entered into force in 1975, and became the only treaty to ensure that international trade in plants and animals does not threaten their survival in the wild. Currently 176 countries are Parties to CITES.
  • CITES is administered through the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP).
  • A Secretariat, located in Geneva, Switzerland, oversees the implementation of the treaty and assists with communications between countries.

Source: SHANKAR IAS Environment