Q. Consider the following statements regarding Dara Shikoh
1. He was the eldest son and a chosen successor of the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan.
2. He was an orthodox Muslim and against Hindus.
3. He was killed after losing the war of succession against his brother Aurangzeb.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?

[A] 1 and 2 only

[B] 2 and 3 only

[C] 1 and 3 only

[D] 1, 2 and 3

Answer: C
Notes:

About Dara Shikoh: 

  1. Dara Shikoh (1615-59) was the eldest son and a chosen successor of the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan. (Statement 1 is correct) 
  2. He was designated with the title Padshahzada-i-Buzurg Martaba (Prince of High Rank)  
  3. However, he was killed after losing the war of succession against his brother Aurangzeb. (Statement 3 is correct) 

Dara Shikoh as Liberal Muslim: 

  1. Dara Shikoh was a champion of interfaith understanding, philosopher, artist, architect, translator, poet and administrator.  
  2. He is described as a “liberal Muslim” who tried to find commonalities between Hindu and Islamic traditions. He translated the Bhagavad Gita as well as 52 Upanishads into Persian. (Statement 2 is incorrect) 
  3. Moreover, his most important works, Majma-ul-Bahrain (Mingling of Two Oceans) and Sirr-i-Akbar (Great Mystery) are devoted to the cause of establishing connections between Hinduism and Islam 

Source: Article