Q. Consider the following statements regarding Deep Ocean Mission (DOM)
1. A manned submersible will be developed to carry three people to a depth of 6,000 metres in the ocean is one of the key components of the mission
2. Department of Science is the nodal agency for the implementation of the mission
Which of the above statements is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: A

Recently, The Government has informed in the Rajya Sabha that Deep Ocean Mission (DOM) will be implemented at a total budget of Rs. 4077 Cr for 5 years. And all the components of the mission will commence in 2021. 

About the Mission: 

  • The focus of the mission will be on deep-sea mining, ocean climate change advisory services, underwater vehicles and underwater robotics related technologies. 
  • The Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES) will be the nodal Ministry implementing this multi-institutional mission. 

Key Components of the mission:  

  1. A manned submersible will be developed to carry three people to a depth of 6,000 metres in the ocean with a suite of scientific sensors and tools. An Integrated Mining System will be developed for mining polymetallic nodules at those depths in the central Indian Ocean.  
  2. Development of Ocean Climate Change Advisory Services.  
  3. Development of a component for searching deep sea flora and fauna, including microbes, and studying ways to sustainably utilise them. 
  4. It will also have a component to explore and identify potential sources of hydrothermal minerals that are sources of precious metals formed from the earth’s crust along the Indian Ocean mid-oceanic ridges.  
  5. It has a component for studying and preparing detailed engineering design for offshore Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) powered desalination plants. 

Source: PIB