Q. Consider the following statements regarding “Deoband Movement”:
1.It was organized by the orthodox section among the Muslim ulemas as a revivalist movement.
2.It was established in Deoband by Mohammad Qasim Nanotavi and Rashid Ahmed Gangohi.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: C
Notes:

Explanation: The Deoband movement was organised by the orthodox section among the Muslim ulemas as a revivalist movement with the twin objective of propagating the pure teachings of the Quran and Hadis among Muslims.

The movement was established in Deoband in Saranpur district (by Mohammad Qasim Nanotavi (1833-1877) and Rashid Ahmed Gangohi (1828–1905) to train religious leaders for the Muslim community.

Source: Tamil Nadu NCERT