Q. Consider the following statements regarding Development Monitoring and Evaluation Office (DMEO):
1.It was established in 2001.
2.It is an attached office to NITI Aayog.
3.It is the apex monitoring and evaluation (M&E) office in the country.
Choose the correct answer from below given codes:

[A] 1 only

[B] 1 and 2 only

[C] 2 and 3 only

[D] 1, 2 and 3

Answer: C

Explanation: The Development Monitoring and Evaluation Office (DMEO) is an attached office of NITI Aayog.

  • As the apex monitoring and evaluation (M&E) office in the country, DMEO supports the Government achieve the national development agenda through M&E of government policies and programs.
  • Since its inception in 2015, the office aims to support rigorous, data-driven, citizen-centric, and outcomes-driven program management and policymaking.
  • DMEO was established by the Government of India on 18th September, 2015 as an attached office of the NITI Aayog by merging the erstwhile Program Evaluation Office and Independent Evaluation Office.
  • To ensure that DMEO is able to function independently, it has been given separate budgetary allocations and manpower in addition to complete functional autonomy.
  • The Programme Evaluation Organization (PEO) was established by the Government of India in October, 1952 with a specific task of evaluating the community development programmes and other intensive area development schemes which were being funded by the Government of India.
  • It worked as a division of erstwhile Planning Commission and was headed by an Adviser (PEO) who reported to the Member, Planning Commission.
  • PEO had 15 field units (7 Regional Evaluation Offices + 8 Project Evaluation Offices) located across the country.
  • In an effort to accord more functional autonomy to the programme evaluation mechanism in the country, the Government of India established the Independent Evaluation Office (IEO) in November, 2010.
  • The IEO was headed by a Director General, equivalent to a Union Minister of State in rank and status.

Source: https://dmeo.gov.in/content/overview-0