Q. Consider the following statements regarding “early stone age”:
1.The first Paleolithic tools were identified at the site of Pallavaram near Chennai by Robert Bruce Foote.
2.The Acheulian tradition is predominantly found in the Western Ghats, coastal areas and north-eastern India.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: A
Notes:

Explanation: The earliest lithic artefacts come from different parts of the Indian subcontinent. During the Lower Paleolithic cultural phase, human ancestor species of Homo erectus is believed to have lived in India.

  • The first Paleolithic tools were identified at the site of Pallavaram near Chennai by Robert Bruce Foote in 1863. He found many pre-historic sites when he extensively surveyed different parts of South India.
  • Since then, numerous Paleolithic sites have been identified and excavated all over India. The industries of Palaeolithic cultures are divided into the Early, Middle and Late Acheulian Industries.
  • The early Acheulian tools include polyhedrons, spheroids, hand axes, cleavers and flake tools.
  • The Acheulian tradition is absent in the Western Ghats, coastal areas and north-eastern India. Heavy rainfall is attributed to its absence.

Source: Tamil Nadu NCERT