Q. Consider the following statements regarding “Eastern Ghats”:
1. It is spread across Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Karnataka.
2. Highest percentage of geographical spread of Eastern Ghats is located in Andhra Pradesh.
Which of the following codes below given is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: B

Despite being older than the Himalayas and the Western Ghats, the Eastern Ghats, an ancient discontinuous low mountain range that spreads along the East coast of the Indian Peninsula, never got its due.  

  • The geographical extent of the Eastern Ghats is about 75,000 kilometres, spread over the states of Odisha (25 %), Andhra Pradesh (40%), Telangana (5%), Karnataka (5%) and Tamil Nadu (25%). 
  • Though it is bestowed with rich bio-diversity and is home to different tribal communities, there has never been a clear policy in place for its conservation. 

Source: https://www.thehindu.com/society/k-thulsi-rao-n-sai-bhaskar-reddy-and-c-umamaheshwar-reddy-on-their-book-eastern-ghats-environment-outlook-and-the-movement-to-conserve-eastern-ghats/article32032242.ece