Q. Consider the following statements regarding education in British India:
1.Cornwallis established a Sanskrit college in Benares.
2.Hastings encouraged the foundation of vernacular schools by missionaries.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: C
Notes:

Explanation: Cornwallis established a Sanskrit college (1791) in Benares. The successive governors in the next twenty years, however, did nothing to follow it up.

  • The Company held the view that it was not desirable in its own interests to encourage education in India.
  • In 1813, when the Company Charter was renewed, it contained a clause intended to force on the Company the initiative for a regular educational policy.
  • Hastings encouraged the foundation of vernacular schools by missionaries. He was the patron of the Hindu College, established at Calcutta in 1817, supported by the Indian public for the teaching of English and of Western science.

Source: Tamil Nadu NCERT