Q. Consider the following statements regarding Gangetic River Dolphin:
1. The dolphin is found in India, Bangladesh and Nepal.
2. It has been declared a vulnerable species under IUCN red list
Which of the above statements is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: A

About Gangetic Dolphin 

  • The Gangetic river dolphin is India’s national aquatic animal.   
  • It is a Schedule I animal under the Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972.   
  • It has been declared an endangered (EN) species by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).  
  • The Gangetic river dolphin is one of four freshwater dolphin species in the world.   
  • The other three are found in the Yangtze River in China (now extinct), the Indus river in Pakistan and the Amazon river in South America.  
  • The dolphin is found in India, Bangladesh and Nepal. It is blind and finds its way and prey in river waters through echolocation.   
  • Dolphins prefer water that is at least five to eight feet deep. They are usually found in turbulent waters, where there are enough fish for them to feed on.  
  • Gangetic dolphins live in a zone where there is little or no current, helping them save energy. If they sense danger, they can dive into deep waters. The dolphins swim from the no-current zone to the edges to hunt for fish and return.