Q. Consider the following statements regarding Great Hornbill:
1. They are the cultural symbols of the Nyishi community of Arunachal Pradesh.
2. It is listed as endangered in the IUCN red list.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: A
  • Statement 1 is correct 
  • Statement 2 is incorrect: It is listed as Vulnerable in the IUCN red list. 

About Great Hornbill 

  • The great hornbill (Buceros bicornisis also known as the concave-casqued hornbill, great Indian hornbill or great pied hornbill. 
  • It is one of the larger members of the hornbill family. It is found in the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia. 
  • The most prominent feature of the Great Hornbill is the bright yellow and black casque (hard structure on the head of some birds) on top of its massive bill. 
  • Festival: The Hornbill Festival celebrated in Nagaland is named after the bird – Hornbill, which is the most revered and admired bird for the Nagas. 
  • Cultural Symbol: They are the cultural symbols of some ethnic communities in the northeast, specifically the Nyishi of Arunachal Pradesh. 
  • State Bird: Great Hornbill is the state bird of Arunachal Pradesh and Kerala. 
  • IUCN Status: Vulnerable 
  • Indian Wildlife Protection Act,1972: Schedule I 

Source: Article