Q. Consider the following statements regarding Great Hornbill:
1. They are the cultural symbols of the Nyishi community of Arunachal Pradesh.
2. It is listed as endangered in the IUCN red list.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?
- Statement 1 is correct
- Statement 2 is incorrect: It is listed as Vulnerable in the IUCN red list.
About Great Hornbill
- The great hornbill (Buceros bicornis) is also known as the concave-casqued hornbill, great Indian hornbill or great pied hornbill.
- It is one of the larger members of the hornbill family. It is found in the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia.
- The most prominent feature of the Great Hornbill is the bright yellow and black casque (hard structure on the head of some birds) on top of its massive bill.
- Festival: The Hornbill Festival celebrated in Nagaland is named after the bird – Hornbill, which is the most revered and admired bird for the Nagas.
- Cultural Symbol: They are the cultural symbols of some ethnic communities in the northeast, specifically the Nyishi of Arunachal Pradesh.
- State Bird: Great Hornbill is the state bird of Arunachal Pradesh and Kerala.
- IUCN Status: Vulnerable
- Indian Wildlife Protection Act,1972: Schedule I