Q. Consider the following statements regarding Green House Gases (GHG’s) emissions:
1.India contributed nearly 10% of the global greenhouse gases emission.
2.India’s per capita emission is less than world average.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: B

Explanation: Climate change is primarily attributed to disproportionately high cumulative emissions, both historical and high per capita annual emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs) of the developed countries.

The global nature of the problem makes India one of the most vulnerable regions despite having contributed only about 4 per cent in the cumulative global emissions (for the period 1850-2019) and maintaining its per capita emission at far less than the world average.

Source: Economic Survey