Q. Consider the following statements regarding High-Altitude Yak.
1. They are endemic to the Tibetan Plateau and the adjacent high-altitude regions.
2. National Research Centre on Yak (NRCY) is located at Jammu & Kashmir
Which of the above statements is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: A
Notes:

Recently, the National Research Centre on Yak (NRCY) at Dirang in Arunachal Pradesh’s West Kameng district has tied up with the National Insurance Company Ltd. for insuring the high-altitude yak. 

  • NRCY is a premier research institute exclusively engaged in research and development of yak in India. It was established in 1989 by the Indian Council of Agricultural Research. 
  • About High-Altitude Yak: 
  • The Yak belong to the Bovini tribe, which also includes bison, buffaloes, and cattle. It can tolerate temperatures as low as-40 degrees Celsius. 
  • They are endemic to the Tibetan Plateau and the adjacent high-altitude regions. 
  • The yak-rearing states of India are Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh and Jammu & Kashmir. 
  • IUCN Red list status: Vulnerable 
  • CITES: Appendix I 
  • Indian WildLife (Protection) Act of 1972: Schedule I 

Source: The Hindu