Q. Consider the following statements regarding High Court:
1.The institution of high court originated in India in 1935.
2.The Constitution of India provides for a high court for each state.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: B
Notes:

Explanation: The institution of high court originated in India in 1862 when the high courts were set up at Calcutta, Bombay and Madras.

  • In 1866, a fourth high court was established at Allahabad. In the course of time, each province in British India came to have its own high court.
  • After 1950, a high court existing in a province became the high court for the corresponding state.
  • The Constitution of India provides for a high court for each state, but the Seventh Amendment Act of 1956 authorized the Parliament to establish a common high court for two or more states or for two or more states and a union territory.

Source: Laxmikanth Polity