Q. Consider the following statements regarding Indian Councils Act, 1909:
1. It is also called as Montague-Chelmsford Reforms.
2. The strength of Imperial Legislative Council was decreased.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: D
Notes:

 Indian Councils Act, 1909: 

  • Popularly known as the Morley-Minto Reforms, the Act made the first attempt to bring in a representative and popular element in the governance of the country. 
  • The strength of the Imperial Legislative Council was increased. 
  • With regard to the central government, an Indian member was taken for the first time in the Executive Council of the Governor-General (Satyendra Prasad Sinha was the first Indian to join the Governor-General’s—or Viceroy’s— Executive Council, as law member.) 
  • The members of the Provincial Executive Council were increased. 
  • The powers of the legislative councils, both central and provincial, were increased. 

Source: Spectrum’s A Brief History of Modern India.