Q. Consider the following statements regarding Indian leopard
1. It is under Vulnerable category in IUCN Red list
2. Except desert and mangroves of Sundarbans leopards are present in all type of forests
Which of the above statements is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: C

The environment minister has recently released the report ‘Status of Leopards, Co-predators and Megaherbivores-2018’. The report points out that India’s official leopard count increased 63 percent from 2014-2018. 

About Indian Leopard or Common Leopard: 

  • The Indian leopard (Panthera pardus fusca) is a leopard subspecies widely distributed on the Indian subcontinent. These are the smallest of the big cats, known for their ability to adapt to a variety of habitats. 
  • Vegetation: In India, the leopard is found in all forest types, from tropical rainforests to temperate deciduous and alpine coniferous forests. It is also found in dry scrubs and grasslands, the only exception being desert and the mangroves of Sundarbans. 
  • Distribution: Its range stretches from the Indus river in the west, the Himalayas in the north, and all the way to the lower course of the Brahmaputra in the east. 
  • Conservation Status: 
  • IUCN Red List: Vulnerable 
  • Wildlife (Protection)Act,1972: Schedule I 
  • CITES: Appendix I 

SourceDown To Earth