Q. Consider the following statements regarding Industrial Disputes Act, 1947:
1.Any retrenchment and lay-off are deemed to be illegal which is not carried out as per the provisions of Industrial Disputes Act, 1947.
2.As per the ID Act, establishments employing 100 persons or more are required to seek prior permission of the appropriate government before effecting closure, retrenchment or lay-off.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: C
Notes:

Statement 1 and 2 are correct. Any retrenchment and lay-off are deemed to be illegal which is not carried out as per the provisions of Industrial Disputes Act, 1947. As per the ID Act, establishments employing 100 persons or more are required to seek prior permission of the appropriate government before effecting closure, retrenchment or lay-off.

Source: The Hindu