Q. Consider the following statements regarding Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC):
1. IPCC itself does not monitor climate related data or parameters.
2. India is a member of IPCC.
3. It has been awarded with a Nobel Peace Prize in the past.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 1 and 2 only

[C] 3 only

[D] 1, 2 and 3

Answer: D
  • IPCC is the United Nations body for assessing the science related to climate change. It was established in 1988 by UNEP and WMO (World Meteorological Organization) to provide policymakers with regular scientific assessments related to climate change.
  • India is also a member of the IPCC. IPCC itself does not conduct any research nor does it monitor climate-related data or parameters. Instead, thousands of scientists from all over the world contribute to the work of IPCC on a voluntary basis.
  • IPCC has so far published five Assessment Reports (AR) and will publish the sixth report (AR6) in 2021-22. IPCC also publishes special reports like “IPCC Special Report on Global Warming of 1.5oC”. For its outstanding work, it has also received Nobel Peace Prize in 2007.
  • IPCC established National Green House Gas Inventories Program (NGGIP) to provide methods for estimating national inventories of greenhouse gas emissions to and removals from the atmosphere. The guidance produced by the NGGIP is used by countries that are party to the UNFCCC to estimate the emissions and removals that they report to the UNFCCC.

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