Q. Consider the following statements regarding “Mahi River basin”:
1. Mahi River drains into Gulf of Kutch.
2. The basin lies in the States of Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Gujarat.
Which of the statements above given is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: B

Mahi River is one of the major west flowing inter-state rivers of India, draining into the Gulf of Khambhat.  

  • The basin is bounded on the North and the North-West by Aravalli hills, on the East by the ridge separating it from the Chambal Basin, on the South by the Vindhyas and on the West by the Gulf of Khambhat.  
  • The basin has a maximum width of about 250km. Mahi River originates on the Northern slope of Vindhyas near the village of Sardarpur in the Dhar district of Madhya Pradesh at an elevation of 500m above mean sea Ievel.  
  • It has a total length of 583 km and it traverses through the states of Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Gujarat. The total drainage area of Mahi is 34,842 sq. km. 
  • The principal tributaries of the Mahi River are Som, Jakham, Moran, Anas, and the Bhadar. Major projects are Jakham Reservoir, Panam Dam, Mahi Bajaj Sagar Project and Kadana Project. 

Source: ICSE – Total Geography and NCERT – XI Indian Physical Environment