Q. Consider the following statements regarding “Mappila Revolt”:
1.The Mappilas were the Muslim tenants inhabiting the Malabar region where most of the landlords were Hindus.
2.Their grievances centred on lack of security of tenure, high rents, renewal fees and other oppressive exactions.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: C
Notes:

Explanation: The Mappilas were the Muslim tenants inhabiting the Malabar region where most of the landlords were Hindus.

  • The Mappilas had expressed their resentment against the oppression of the landlords during the nineteenth century also.
  • Their grievances centred around lack of security of tenure, high rents, renewal fees and other oppressive exactions. Soon, the Mappila movement merged with the ongoing Khilafat agitation.
  • The leaders of the Khilafat-Non-Cooperation Movement like Gandhi, Shaukat Ali and Maulana Azad addressed Mappila meetings.
  • After the arrest of national leaders, the leadership passed into the hands of local Mappila leaders.
  • Things took a turn for the worse in August 1921 when the arrest of a respected priest leader, Ali Musaliar, sparked off large-scale riots.
  • Initially, the symbols of British authority—courts, police stations, treasuries and offices— and unpopular landlords (jenmies who were mostly Hindus) were the targets.

Source: Tamil Nadu NCERT