Q. Consider the following statements regarding Marburg hemorrhagic fever:
1. It is a zoonotic disease.
2. There is no approved vaccine or treatment for this disease.
3. The virus belongs to same family as Ebola virus.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?
All statements are correct
About Marburg Virus:
- Marburg virus disease(MVD) was formerly known as Marburg hemorrhagic fever.
- The virus causes hemorrhagic fever and belongs to the same family (Filoviridae family) as the Ebola virus.
- First Case: The virus was initially detected in 1967 after simultaneous outbreaks in Marburg and Frankfurt in Germany; and in Belgrade, Serbia.
- Symptoms: The common symptoms of a virus are fever, headache, fatigue, abdominal pain and gingival haemorrhage.
- Transmission: Marburg is transmitted to people from fruit bats. The virus spreads among humans through direct contact with the bodily fluids of the patient, surfaces and materials
- Fatality Rate: The case fatality rate is around 50%. Case fatality rates have varied from 24% to 88% in past outbreaks, depending on virus strain and case management.
- Treatment: There are no approved vaccines or antiviral treatments for the virus yet. Early supportive care with rehydration and symptomatic treatment improves survival.