Q. Consider the following statements regarding “Mauryan Administaration”:
1.Soldiers and officials were paid in cash.
2.Taxes were levied in both cash and kind.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: C

Explanation: The Mauryas maintained a huge standing army and employed a large number of state officials.

  • Since these soldiers and officials were paid in cash, the state taxes were not considered sufficient to meet all the needs of the state.
  • Hence it had to undertake and regulate numerous economic activities to generate more and more resources. Taxes were levied in both cash and kind.
  • The mainstay of the economy in this period was agriculture (animal husbandry and trade were other main occupations), and the land revenue was the main source of income.

Source: Tamil Nadu NCERT