Q. Consider the following statements regarding “Mediterranean vegetation”:
1.Mediterranean trees adapt themselves to dry summers with the help of their thick barks and wax coated leaves which help them reduce transpiration.
2.Mediterranean regions are known as ‘Orchards of the world’ for their fruit cultivation.
Which of the statements given above is/are NOT correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: D
Notes:

Explanation: That most of the east and north east margins of the continents are covered by temperate evergreen and deciduous trees.

  • The west and south west margins of the continents are different. They have Mediterranean vegetation.
  • It is mostly found in the areas around the Mediterranean Sea in Europe, Africa and Asia, hence the name.
  • Mediterranean trees adapt themselves to dry summers with the help of their thick barks and wax coated leaves which help them reduce transpiration.
  • Mediterranean regions are known as ‘Orchards of the world’ for their fruit cultivation.

Source: NCERT – Our Environment