Q. Consider the following statements regarding Monkey B virus:
1. It is the only identified old-world-monkey herpesvirus.
2. It does not affect humans.
3. No vaccine is available against this virus.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 1 and 3 only

[C] 2 only

[D] 1, 2 and 3

Answer: B
  • Statement 1 is correctThe virus was first identified in 1932. It is also the only identified old-world-monkey herpesvirus that displays severe pathogenicity in humans. 
  • Statement 2 is incorrect: Human infections occur when an infected monkey bites or scratches them; they get fluid or tissue from an infected monkey on broken skin, in the eyes, nose, or mouth. Exposure to an infected monkey’s brain, spinal cord, or skull. Till date, only one case has been documented of an infected person spreading B virus to another person. 
  • Statement 3 is correct: Currently, there are no vaccines that can protect against Monkey B virus infection. 

Source: Article