Q. Consider the following statements regarding “MOTHER TONGUE SURVEY OF INDIA (MTSI)”:
1.It was taken ministry of culture.
2.According to the survey, Hindi is the most widely spoken mother tongue.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: B

Explanation: Ministry of Home Affairs recently completed MTSI. MTSI surveys the mother tongues, which are returned consistently across two and more Census decades and analyses their linguistic features.

  • As per analysis of 2011 linguistic census data, more than 19,500 languages or dialects are spoken in India as mother tongues.
  • Hindi is the most widely spoken mother tongue, with 43.6 per cent of population declaring it as mother tongue.