Q. Consider the following statements regarding “National Biodiversity Authority (NBA)”:
1.It is a statutory and autonomous body.
2.Anybody seeking any kind of intellectual property rights on a research based upon biological resource or knowledge obtained from India has to obtain prior approval of the NBA.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: C
Notes:

Explanation: The National Biodiversity Authority (NBA) was established in 2003 to implement India’s Biological Diversity Act (2002).

The NBA is a Statutory, Autonomous Body and it performs facilitative, regulatory and advisory function for the Government of India on issues of conservation, sustainable use of biological resources and fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising out of the use of biological resources.

Objectives of the NBA:

  • Anybody seeking any kind of intellectual property rights on a research based upon biological resource or knowledge obtained from India has to obtain prior approval of the NBA.
  • The NBA will impose benefit-sharing conditions.
  • For ensuring equitable sharing of benefits arising from the use of biological resources and associated knowledge, Sections 19 and 21 stipulate prior approval of the National Biodiversity Authority (NBA) before their access.
  • Ensures protection to the knowledge of local people relating to biodiversity through measures such as registration of such knowledge.

Source: SHANKAR IAS Environment