Q. Consider the following statements regarding “Nuclear Fusion”:
1.It is the process by which two light atomic nuclei combine to form a single heavier one while releasing massive amounts of energy.
2.It takes place in a state of matter called plasma.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
Explanation: Nuclear fusion is the process by which two light atomic nuclei (for example tritium and deuterium) combine to form a single heavier (Helium) one while releasing massive amounts of energy.
- Fusion reactions take place in a state of matter called plasma a hot, charged gas made of positive ions and free moving electrons with unique properties distinct from solids, liquids, or gases.
- Strong repulsive electrostatic forces between the positively charged nuclei prevent them from getting close enough together to collide and for fusion to occur.