Q. Consider the following statements regarding “Palani Mountain Range”:
1. It is part of Western Ghats.
2. Kodaikanal hill station located in the Palani range.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: C

Palni Hills, range of hills, an eastward extension of the Western Ghats, in southwestern Tamil Nadu state, southern India.  

  • The range is a continuation of the Anaimalai Hills in Kerala state. The Palnis are about 45 miles (70 km) wide and 15 miles (23 km) long.  
  • In the south the hills terminate abruptly in steep slopes. The upper Palnis, in the west, consist of rolling hills covered with coarse grasses; dense forests grow in the valleys.  
  • Peaks include Vandaravu, 8,376 feet (2,553 metres); Vembadi Shola, 8,221 feet (2,505 metres); and Karunmakadu, 8,042 feet (2,451 metres).  
  • The town of Kodaikanal is located in a high basin about 7,000 feet (2,150 metres) above sea level.  
  • Potatoes, beans, root crops, pears, and peaches are cultivated in and around the hill villages.  

Source: NCERT XI India Physical Environment