Q. Consider the following statements regarding Permanent Settlement:
1.Settlement refers to the assessment and fixing of the quantum of land revenue to be paid by each tenant directly to the government.
2.For Bengal, Bihar and Orissa, this was fixed permanently.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: B
Notes:

Explanation: Governor-General Cornwallis, himself a big landlord, wanted to create landlords after the British model in India.

  • Cornwallis came to a settlement with the revenue farmers. This resulted in the creation of a new type of middlemen, called zamindars, reducing the cultivators to the position of mere tenants.
  • This settlement that Cornwallis made with the zamindars of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa in 1793, in pursuance of the instruction from the Directors, is called the Permanent Settlement.
  • ‘Settlement’ refers to the assessment and fixing of the quantum of land revenue to be paid by each zamindar to the government. For Bengal, Bihar and Orissa, this was fixed permanently.

Source: Tamil Nadu NCERT