Q. Consider the following statements regarding “Rig Vedic society”:
1.It was a tribal society, and its people lived a semi nomadic life.
2.Aryan tribes were called Janas.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: C

Explanation: Rig Vedic society was a tribal society, and its people lived a semi-nomadic life. Aryan tribes were called Janas.

  • Their chief (rajan) was known as the Gopati or Gopa (protector of cows), and the chief queen was called the Mahisi.
  • The Janas often had conflicts with the Panis, who used to hide the cattle of Aryans in the forest and were thus deemed the enemies of Aryans.
  • In order to get their cattle back, the Vedic God ‘Indra’ was invoked, and many battles known as Gavisthi, Gaveshana, Goshu, or Gavyat (to search for cows) were fought between the Aryans and the Panis.

Source: Tamil Nadu NCERT