Q. Consider the following statements regarding “River Godavari”:
1. It originates from Trimbakeshwar, Nasik District in Western Ghats.
2. The biggest city on the river banks of the Godavari is Vijayawada.
3. Kaleshwaram project was built on Godavari River in the state of Andhra Pradesh.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 and 2 only

[B] 1 only

[C] 2 and 3 only

[D] 1, 2 and 3

Answer: B

 The River Godavari is an important stream in central India, rising in the Western Ghats Mountain Range.  

  • The name of the origin is Trimbakeshwar and it is situated in the Nashik District or Subdivision in the state of Maharashtra and runs towards the east over the Deccan terrain through the Maharashtra state. The river is also named as Southern Ganges or Dakshin Ganga.  
  • The river moves into Andhra Pradesh at Kandhakurthi in Nizamabad district of Andhra Pradesh, moves past the Deccan terrain and subsequently bends to run according to a southeasterly course till it pours into the Bay of Bengal via two mouths.  
  • An important place of attraction on the riverbanks is Basara in Adilabad District.  
  • It houses a popular place of worship for Goddess Saraswati. It is also the second oldest temple for the deity in India.  
  • The biggest city on the riverbanks of the Godavari is Rajahmundry.  
  • In this place, the river has the maximum breadth (about 5 km from Rajahmundry to the other bank at Kovvur.  
  • The Kaleshwaram Lift Irrigation Project or KLIP is a multi-purpose irrigation project on the Godavari River in Kaleshwaram, Bhoopalpally, Telangana, India. 

Source: NCERT – XI Indian Physical Environment and The Hindu