Q. Consider the following statements regarding “Rowlatt Act”:
1.It was introduced in 1920.
2.It was related to distribution of powers between executive and legislature.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: D

Explanation: Just six months before the Montford Reforms were to be put into effect, two bills were introduced in the Imperial Legislative Council.

  • One of them was dropped, but the other—an extension to the Defence of India Regulations Act 1915—was passed in March 1919.
  • It was what was officially called the Anarchical and Revolutionary Crimes Act, but popularly known as the Rowlatt Act.
  • It was based on the recommendations made in the previous year to the Imperial Legislative Council by the Rowlatt Commission, headed by the British judge, Sir Sidney Rowlatt, to investigate the ‘seditious conspiracy’ of the Indian people.

Source: Spectrum Modern India