Q. Consider the following statements regarding “Ryotwari settlement system”:
1.It was formulated by Governor Thomas Munro.
2.Under the system, the peasant was entitled to possession of land so long as he paid the land revenue.
Which of the statements given above is/are NOT correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: D
Notes:

Explanation: By 1814 the Court of Directors had decided to introduce the ryotwari system. This was a system formulated by Governor Thomas Munro.

  • Under this system the ryot, an Anglicization by the British in India of the Arabic word ra’īyah, meaning a peasant or cultivator, was the proprietor and tax payer of the land.
  • The government dealt with him directly without the intervention of any middlemen. The peasant was entitled to possession of land so long as he paid the land revenue.

Source: Tamil Nadu NCERT