Q. Consider the following statements regarding state legislative assembly:
1.Its maximum strength is fixed at 600 and minimum strength at 60.
2.The governor can nominate two members from the Anglo-Indian community.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: D
Notes:

Explanation: The legislative assembly consists of representatives directly elected by the people on the basis of universal adult franchise.

  • Its maximum strength is fixed at 500 and minimum strength at 60. It means that its strength varies from 60 to 500 depending on the population size of the state.
  • However, in case of Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim and Goa, the minimum number is fixed at 30 and in case of Mizoram and Nagaland; it is 40 and 46 respectively.
  • Further, some members of the legislative assemblies in Sikkim and Nagaland are also elected indirectly.
  • The governor can nominate one member from the Anglo-Indian community, if the community is not adequately represented in the assembly.
  • Originally, this provision was to operate for ten years (ie, up to 1960). But this duration has been extended continuously since then by 10 years each time.
  • Now, under the 95th Amendment Act of 2009, this is to last until 2020.

Source: Laxmikanth Polity