Q. Consider the following statements regarding state legislative council:
1.Only six states have bicameral legislatures.
2.The Constitution provides for the abolition or creation of legislative councils in states.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: C
Notes:

Explanation: There is no uniformity in the organisation of state legislatures. Most of the states have a unicameral system, while others have a bicameral system.

  • At present (2019), only six states have two Houses (bicameral). These are Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Maharashtra and Karnataka.
  • The Constitution provides for the abolition or creation of legislative councils in states.
  • Accordingly, the Parliament can abolish a legislative council (where it already exists) or create it (where it does not exist), if the legislative assembly of the concerned state passes a resolution to that effect.
  • Such a specific resolution must be passed by the state assembly by a special majority, that is, a majority of the total membership of the assembly and a majority of not less than two-thirds of the members of the assembly present and voting.

Source: Laxmikanth Polity