Q. Consider the following statements regarding state legislative council:
1.Only six states have bicameral legislatures.
2.The Constitution provides for the abolition or creation of legislative councils in states.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
Explanation: There is no uniformity in the organisation of state legislatures. Most of the states have a unicameral system, while others have a bicameral system.
- At present (2019), only six states have two Houses (bicameral). These are Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Maharashtra and Karnataka.
- The Constitution provides for the abolition or creation of legislative councils in states.
- Accordingly, the Parliament can abolish a legislative council (where it already exists) or create it (where it does not exist), if the legislative assembly of the concerned state passes a resolution to that effect.
- Such a specific resolution must be passed by the state assembly by a special majority, that is, a majority of the total membership of the assembly and a majority of not less than two-thirds of the members of the assembly present and voting.
Source: Laxmikanth Polity