Q. Consider the following statements regarding Sufism:
1.It represents the inward or esoteric side and the mystical dimension of Islam.
2.It crystallized into various ‘Silsilahs’ or orders.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: C
Notes:

Explanation: Sufism represents the inward or esoteric side and the mystical dimension of Islam.

  • Sufi saints transcended religious and communal distinctions, and worked for promoting the interest of humanity at large.
  • The Sufis were a class of philosophers remarkable for their religious catholicity and tolarance.
  • Sufis regarded God as the supreme beauty and believed that one must admire it, take delight in His thought and concentrate his attention on Him only.
  • They believed that God is ‘Mashuq’ (beloved) and Sufis are the ‘Ashiqs’ (lovers).
  • Sufism crystallized into various ‘Silsilahs’ or orders.

Source: Tamil Nadu NCERT