Q. Consider the following statements regarding Sufism:
1.It took root in both rural and urban areas, and exercised a deep social, political and cultural influence on the masses.
2.It rebelled against all forms of religious formalism, orthodoxy, falsehood and hypocrisy.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: C
Notes:

Explanation: Sufism took root in both rural and urban areas, and exercised a deep social, political and cultural influence on the masses.

  • It rebelled against all forms of religious formalism, orthodoxy, falsehood and hypocrisy, and endeavored to create a new world order in which spiritual bliss was the ultimate goal.
  • At a time when struggle for political power was the prevailing trend, the Sufi saints reminded people of their moral obligations.

Source: Tamil Nadu NCERT