Q. Consider the following statements regarding the administration of the Sultanate:
1.There were well-defined and accepted rules of royal succession for Sultanates.
2.Sultans were the supreme political heads.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: B
Notes:

Explanation: The Sultanate was formally considered to be an Islamic State. Most of the Sultans preferred to call themselves the lieutenant of the Caliph. In reality, however, the Sultans were the supreme political heads.

  • As military head, they wielded the authority of commander-in-chief of the armed forces. As judicial head they were the highest court of appeal.
  • There were no well-defined and accepted rules of royal succession and therefore contested succession became the norm during the Sultanate.

Source: Tamil Nadu NCERT