Q. Consider the following statements regarding the “benzoic acid”:
1. It exists as a crystalline, colorless solid under normal conditions.
2. It is used in the manufacture of dyes and in insect repellants.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
Benzoic acid is an organic compound which is described by the chemical formula C6H5COOH.
- It consists of a carboxyl group attached to a benzene ring. Therefore, benzoic acid is said to be an aromatic carboxylic acid.
- This compound exists as a crystalline, colorless solid under normal conditions.
- It is white and belongs to the family of carboxylic acid.
- The term ‘benzoate’ refers to the esters and salts of C6H5COOH.
- The commercial production of benzoic acid is done via the partial oxidation of toluene with oxygen, catalyzed by manganese or cobalt naphthenates.
Some important uses of C6H5COOH are listed below.
- The production of phenol involves the use of benzoic acid.
- This compound is used in ointments that prevent or treat fungal skin diseases.
- C6H5COOH is used as a preservative in the food industry.
- Benzoic acid is an ingredient in many cosmetic products, such as lipsticks.
- It is also a precursor to benzoyl chloride.
- One of the components of toothpaste, mouthwash, and face-wash creams is C6H5
- This compound is also used in the manufacture of dyes and in insect repellants.