Q. Consider the following statements regarding the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986:
1. It authorizes the central and state governments to protect and improve environmental quality.
2. It lays down standards for emission or discharge of environmental pollutants from various sources.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: B

The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 authorizes the central government to protect and improve environmental quality, control and reduce pollution from all sources, and prohibit or restrict the setting and /or operation of any industrial facility on environmental grounds.  

  • The Environment (Protection) Act was enacted in 1986 with the objective of providing for the protection and improvement of the environment.  
  • It empowers the Central Government to establish authorities charged with the mandate of preventing environmental pollution in all its forms and to tackle specific environmental problems that are peculiar to different parts of the country. The Act was last amended in 1991. 
  • The Environment (Protection) Rules lay down procedures for setting standards of emission or discharge of environmental pollutants. 
  • The objective of Hazardous Waste (Management and Handling) Rules, 1989 is to control the generation, collection, treatment, import, storage, and handling of hazardous waste. 
  • The Manufacture, Storage, and Import of Hazardous Rules define the terms used in this context, and sets up an authority to inspect, once a year, the industrial activity connected with hazardous chemicals and isolated storage facilities. 

Source: https://vikaspedia.in/energy/policy-support/environment-1/forests/general-environmental-acts