Q. Consider the following statements regarding the Gandhian Plan:
1.It was prepared by Sriman Narayan Agarwal.
2.It was laid more emphasis on agriculture.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: C

Explanation: Espousing the spirit of the Gandhian economic thinking, Sriman Narayan Agarwal formulated The Gandhian Plan in 1944. The plan laid more emphasis on agriculture.

  • Even if he referred to industrialization, it was to the level of promoting cottage and village-level industries, unlike the NPC and the Bombay Plan which supported a leading role for the heavy and large industries.
  • The plan articulated a ‘decentralized economic structure’ for India with ‘self-contained villages.

Source: TMH Ramesh Singh