Q. Consider the following statements regarding the Global Hunger Index (GHI) 2019:
1. It is released by Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).
2. India has improved its GHI score continuously from 2000 to 2019.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: D
Notes:

The GHI has been brought out almost every year by Welthungerhilfe (lately in partnerships with Concern Worldwide) since 2000. 

  • In 2018, India was ranked 103 out of 119 countries. In 2000, the country was ranked 83 out of 113 countries. Now, with 117 countries in the fray, it has dropped to 102. 
  • India is ranked 102 of 117 countries in the Global Hunger Index 2019, behind its neighbours Nepal, Pakistan and Bangladesh. 
  • It’s GHI score has also decelerated — from 38.9 in 2005 to 32 in 2010 and then from 32 to 30.3 between 2010 and 2019.  
  • The GHI score is calculated on four indicators — undernourishment; child wasting, the share of children under the age of five who are wasted (that is, who have low weight for their height, reflecting acute under-nutrition); child stunting, children under the age of five who have low height for their age, reflecting chronic under-nutrition; and child mortality, the mortality rate of children under the age of five. 

Source: The Hindu