Q. Consider the following statements regarding the Indian Councils Act of 1919:
1.Under the act, the governments in the provinces were given more shares in the administration under ‘Dyarchy.’
2.Subjects such as health, educations and local self-government were reserved subjects.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: A
Notes:

Explanation: Edwin Montagu and Chelmsford, the Secretary of State for India and Viceroy respectively, announced their scheme of constitutional changes for India which came to be known as the Indian Councils Act of 1919.

  • The Act enlarged the provincial legislative councils with elected majorities. The governments in the provinces were given more shares in the administration under ‘Dyarchy.’
  • Under this arrangement all important subjects like law and order and finance ‘reserved’ for the white men and were directly under the control of the Governors.
  • Other subjects such as health, educations and local self-government were ‘transferred’ to elected Indian representatives.

Source: Tamil Nadu NCERT