Q. Consider the following statements regarding the Majuli Island:
1. It covers an area of around 1500 sq km.
2. It is inhabited by Mising tribes, Deori and Sonowal Kachri tribes.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: B

The World Records has declared Majuli in Assam as the largest river island in the world. It has toppled Marajo in Brazil to clinch the record. The beautiful river island is situated on the Brahmaputra River.  

  • It is formed by Brahmaputra River in the south and Kherkutia Xuti, an anabranch of the Brahmaputra, joined by the Subansiri River in the north. 
  • The island is inhabited by Mising tribes, Deori and Sonowal Kachri tribes. 
  • The people of the island speak Mising, Assamese and Deori language. 
  • It covers an area of around 880 sq km. 
  • Due to the frequent flooding of the Brahmaputra River, Majuli suffers heavy erosion. In the last 30-40 years it is estimated that it has lost about one third of its area. 

Source: ICSE Total Geography and The Hindu