Q. Consider the following statements regarding the Member of Parliament Local Area Development Scheme (MPLADS):
1.It was launched during sixth five-year plan.
2.Under this scheme the Members of Parliament recommend some works to the concerned District Magistrate.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: B
Notes:

Explanation: The Member of Parliament Local Area Development Scheme (MPLADS) is the last of the Central Plans and latest to have been launched, too.

  • The scheme was launched on December 23, 1993 with only Rs. 5 lakhs given to each MPs which was increased to Rs. 1 crore in the year 1994–95.
  • When the MPs did put a demand to increase the sum to Rs. 5 crores in 1997–98, finally the government enhanced it to Rs. 2 crores since 1998–99.
  • In April 2011 the corpus was enhanced to Rs. 5 crores while announcing the new guidelines for the scheme.
  • Basically, in the early 1990s there came a demand from the MPs cutting across party lines for such a scheme so that the fruits of development could directly reach the masses via their representatives.
  • The government of the time decided to go in for such a scheme and the MPLADS came.
  • Under this scheme the Members of Parliament recommend some works (i.e., creation of fixed community assets, based on locally felt developmental needs) to the concerned District Magistrate.
  • The scheme is governed by a set of guidelines, which have been comprehensively revised and issued in November 2005.
  • Its performance has improved due to pro-active policy initiatives, focus monitoring and review.

Source: TMH Ramesh Singh