Q. Consider the following statements regarding the palas:
1.Gopala was the founder of Pala dynasty.
2.Mahayana Buddhism flourished during the Pala reign.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[A] 1 only

[B] 2 only

[C] Both 1 and 2

[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: C

Explanation: The founder of Pala dynasty Gopala was elected to rule by the chieftains and rulers of little kingdoms.

  • Dharmapala, Devapala and Mahipala I ruled ably and kept their domain under effective control.
  • Weak successors contributed to the decline of the dynasty.
  • Mahayana Buddhism flourished during the Pala reign.
  • The patronage of Palas to Vikramashila and Nalanda universities paved the way for the progress of Buddhist, Jain and Sanskrit literature.

Source: Tamil Nadu NCERT